Alabama is a southeastern state in the United States. It is the 30th most extensive and the 23rd most populous of the fifty United States. Nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, Alabama is known for its diverse landscape, which includes dense forests, coastal wetlands along the Gulf of Mexico and mountain ranges in the northeast. The capitol city, Montgomery, is located in the center of the state and is home to a variety of historical attractions. Alabama is also home to many universities, museums and other attractions.